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Understanding Dyslexia

Dyslexia is one of the most prevalent language-based learning disabilities and it affects as many as 1 in 5 Americans. That means up to 20% of students in every classroom are struggling to learn how to read and write.

Dyslexia is a brain-based learning disability that affects an individual’s ability to read and process language.  Undiagnosed cases of dyslexia can be detrimental to a young person’s learning, development, and especially their self-confidence. The failure to identify dyslexia early on can create an achievement gap between dyslexic readers and their peers as early as 1st grade.

A young child with dyslexia may:

  • Have trouble learning simple rhymes
  • Be speech delayed
  • Have a hard time following directions
  • Have difficulty with short words; repeat or leave out words like and, the, but
  • Have trouble differentiating left from right

In school, kids with dyslexia are likely to:

  • Have significant difficulty learning to read, including trouble sounding out new words and counting the number of syllables in words
  • Continue to reverse letters and numbers when reading after most kids have stopped doing that, around the age of 8
  • Struggle with taking notes and copying down words from the board
  • Have difficulty rhyming, associating sounds with letters, and sequencing and ordering sounds


  • Struggling Reader?
    Struggling Reader?

    We are the Rhode Island Experienced Dyslexia Advocates!

Rhode Island Advocacy for Children is now a Program of The Arc Rhode Island.

The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports their full inclusion and participation in the community throughout their lifetimes.


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